Family: Viperidae (night adders, adders & vipers)

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All Viperidae are characterized by hinged fangs, keeled scales a triangular shaped head and an ambush hunting strategy. Nearly all have oviviparous reproduction. Of the 224 species, 15 are native to southern Africa.

Genera native to southern Africa

Bitis (adders)

This Genus is represented by 12 species. Including the Bitis arietans (Puff adder)

Causes (night adders)

This Genus is represented by 2 species.

Proatheris (swamp viper)

One species: Proatheris superciliaris (Floodplain viper, Lowland swamp viper, Eyebrow viper)


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