Bitis cornuta (Many horned adder or Western hornsman adder)
Veelhoringadder, Horingsman [Afrikaans]; Unompondwana [Xhosa].
(animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia >
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Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class:
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Romeriida > Diapsida > Lepidosauromorpha > Lepidosauria >
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(snakes) > Family: Viperidae > Genus:
Bitis cornuta (Many horned adder or Western hornsman
adder, Northern Cape [A.J. Van Wyk
SARCA Virtual Museum]
Bitis cornuta (Many horned adder or Western hornsman adder), Northern Cape [W Price
Easily identified by its grey or reddish brown body and by
of horns above each eye. It grows to an average length of 40 cm but may reach 54
Distribution and habitat
The Many horned adder is found in the following areas;
along the Northern Cape coast, south-eastern Namibia and their is a small
population east of Cape Town. Its favoured habitats includes mountains, rocky
outcrops, desert gravel plains and mountain savanna.
Feeds on lizards, small
and mice), birds
Predators, parasites and disease
Fed on by other snakes. It is also
threatened by humans who illegally remove it from its habitat and is often
killed while crossing roads.
Viviparous (gives birth to live young); five to 14 young
are born in late summer to early autumn.
Has an average life span of 10 or more years.
Has potentially dangerous cytotoxic
venom which causes painful necrosis. Antivenom is not required.
Broadley, D.G. 1983. FitzSimons' Snakes of Southern
Africa. Delta Books, Johannesburg.
Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa.
Struik Publishing, Cape Town.