Bitis albanica (Albany adder, Eastern many horned adder)

Albanie-adder [Afrikaans]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Lepidosauromorpha > Lepidosauria > Squamata > Serpentes (snakes) > Family: Viperidae > Genus: Bitis


Can be identified by its grey or white colouration and between 15 and 22 pairs of brown spots extending down the length of the body. This snake grows to an average length of 25 cm but can be up to 30 cm in length.

Distribution and habitat

Only found in the Algoa Bay area in the Eastern Cape. Its favoured habitat is succulent thicket.


Unknown but likely to be lizards and small rodents (e.g. rats and mice).

Predators, parasites and disease



Viviparous, giving birth to young in summer.


Most likely has an average lifespan of between five and 10 years.

Medical importance

No humans have been bitten but the venom is thought to be cytotoxic and cause pain and swelling. Antivenom is not necessary.



  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.


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