Bitis albanica (Albany adder, Eastern many horned adder)

Albanie-adder [Afrikaans]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Lepidosauromorpha > Lepidosauria > Squamata > Serpentes (snakes) > Family: Viperidae > Genus: Bitis

Identification

Can be identified by its grey or white colouration and between 15 and 22 pairs of brown spots extending down the length of the body. This snake grows to an average length of 25 cm but can be up to 30 cm in length.

Distribution and habitat

Only found in the Algoa Bay area in the Eastern Cape. Its favoured habitat is succulent thicket.

Food

Unknown but likely to be lizards and small rodents (e.g. rats and mice).

Predators, parasites and disease

Unknown.

Reproduction

Viviparous, giving birth to young in summer.

Longevity

Most likely has an average lifespan of between five and 10 years.

Medical importance

No humans have been bitten but the venom is thought to be cytotoxic and cause pain and swelling. Antivenom is not necessary.

Links

References

  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Reptiles home   Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search