Psammophis crucifer (Crossed whip snake, Crossed sand snake, Montane grass snake)

Kruismerksweepslang [Afrikaans]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Lepidosauromorpha > Lepidosauria > Squamata > Serpentes (snakes) > Family: Colubridae > Subfamily: Psammophinae > Genus: Psammophis

Identification

The Crossed whip snake be identified by its striped patterning, large eyes and strictly diurnal lifestyle. It grows to an average length of 60 cm and a maximum length of 82 cm.

Distribution and habitat

Found in South Africa's' coastal provinces as well as Free State and Gauteng. Its favoured habitat is lowland forest.

Food

Eats lizards (particularly geckos and skinks) and frogs.

Predators, parasites and disease

Eaten by birds of prey (particularly secretary birds and snake eagles) and other snakes.

Reproduction

Oviparous (egg-laying), lays between 3 and 13 eggs in summer.

Longevity

Likely to have an average lifespan of 10 years.

Medical importance

Although venomous is not dangerous to man.

Links

References

  • Broadley, D.G. 1983. FitzSimons' Snakes of Southern Africa. Delta Books, Johannesburg.

  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishing, Cape Town.

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Reptiles home   Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search