Xenocalamus sabiensis (Save quill-snouted snake)

Saveskerpneusslang; Savespitneusslang [Afrikaans]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Lepidosauromorpha > Lepidosauria > Squamata > Serpentes (snakes) > Family: Atractaspididae > Genus: Xenocalamus


The Save Quill-snouted snake can be identified by the following; its quill-shaped head, small eyes and its uniform black and yellow colour. It grows to an average length of 40 cm and a maximum length of 51 cm.

Distribution and habitat

This snakes' distribution is restricted to small portion of southern Mozambique. Its favoured habitat is alluvial sand.


Predominately eats amphisbaenids.

Predators, parasites and disease

Eaten by other snakes.


Oviparous (egg-laying), lays between 3 and 4 eggs in summer.


Medical importance

Although venomous is no threat to man.



  • Broadley, D.G. 1983. FitzSimons' Snakes of Southern Africa. Delta Books, Johannesburg.

  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to Snakes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishing, Cape Town.


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