Chelonia (turtles, tortoises)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Anapsida

Cryptodira (hidden-necked tortoises)

Cheloniidae (modern sea turtles)



The only living representative of this family is Dermochelys coriacea (Leatherback turtle), which is found in oceans worldwide, including the seas off southern Africa. There are also eight extinct genera, known only from fossils.


Emydidae (terrapins - part)

One species recorded in southern Africa - Trachemys scripta (American red-eared terrapin)


Testudinidae (land tortoises)


Trionychidae (soft-shelled terrapins)



Pleurodira (side-necked tortoises)

Pelomedusidae (terrapins  - part)



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