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Family: Zygophyllaceae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Zygophyllales

Twenty-two genera and 285 species worldwide, of which seven genera and 54 species are native to southern Africa. An additional genus and species is cultivated in the region.

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Retief (2000).

Augea

One species: Augea capensis (in arid region extending from southern Namibia to Northern Cape and Western Cape).

Fagonia

About 30 species (Mediterranean, SW Asia, India, North America, Africa), with three species native to southern Africa.

 

Neoluederitzia

One species: Neoluederitzia sericeocarpa, which is native to southern Namibia.

 

Seetzenia

Two species, one native to North Africa and India, and the other, Seetzenia lanata, native to the Western Cape and Northern Cape.

 

Sisyndite

One species: Sisyndite lanata, which is native to southern Namibia, Northern Cape and Western Cape.

Tribulus (Devil's thorn genus)

About 25 species, worldwide mainly in warm, arid regions, with six species native to southern Africa.

Zygophyllum

About 120 species (Mediterranean to central Asia, Africa and Australia), with 41 species native to southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

From Glen (2002).

Guaiacum officinale (Lignum vitae)

A tree native to the West Indies and Colombia, which yields a very hard wood (regarded as the hardest wood in the timber trade).

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Retief, E. 2000. Zygophyllaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 563-565. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

 


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