Family: Violaceae (pansy and violet family)
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Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales
Twenty-three genera and about 800 species worldwide (mainly
tropical but the large Viola genus occurs predominantly in temperate
regions), of which three genera and 13 species are native to southern Africa,
three species are naturalised, and an additional genus and nine species are
cultivated in the region.
Genera native in southern Africa
List from Bredenkamp (2000).
About 100 species (tropics and subtropics, mainly South
and Central America), with three species native to southern Africa and
one species that has become naturalised.
About 250 species (tropics and subtropics), with eight
species native to southern Africa.
(pansy and violet genus)
About 400 to 600 species
(cosmopolitan, mainly north temperate regions), with two species native
to southern Africa and two that have become naturalised. There are an
additional eight species that are cultivated in southern Africa.
There are many garden cultivars, known as garden pansies, violas or violettas
that are derived from the complex hybridization of Viola tricolor, Viola
lutea, Viola cornuta, and other species.
Other genera, cultivated
in southern Africa
Information from Glen (2002).
Hymenanthera crassifolia, from New Zealand, is
cultivated in southern Africa.
Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of
southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.
Bredenkamp, C.L. 2000. Violaceae. In: Seed Plants of
Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 559-560.
National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.