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Genus: Verbena

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Verbenaceae

About 200 species, native mainly to tropical and temperate America although there are also 2-3 species native to the Old World. One species is native to southern Africa and five species have been introduced to the region, which in summer rainfall areas have become common weeds along roadsides and in open spaces. An additional three species are cultivated but not naturalised in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Verbena rigida

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Verbena aristigera (Fine-leaved Verbena, Moss Verbena)

[= Verbena tenuisecta]

Fynblaar-verbena [Afrikaans]

Perennial herb originating from South America. A naturalised garden escape in southern Africa, found on disturbed ground and along roadsides.

 

Verbena bonariensis (Tall Verbena, Purple Top)

Blouwaterbossie [Afrikaans]

Annual herb originating from South America. Grows up to 1.6 m tall and found on floodplains, in grassland and in disturbed areas. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Verbena bonariensis

Verbena brasiliensis

Annual herb originating from South America.

 

Verbena litoralis

 

Verbena officinalis

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Verbena binnapatifida

Native to the USA.

 

Verbena peruviana

Native from Peru to Argentina.

 

Verbena venosa

Native to Argentina.

 

Herbivores in southern Africa

Acherontia atropos (Death's Head Hawkmoth)

The caterpillars eat the leaves of Verbena species amongst a wide variety of other plant species.

Lepidoptera: Sphingidae

 

 

 

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