Urera trinervis (Climbing tree nettle)
[= Urera cameroonensis]
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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
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Eurosid I > Order: Rosales >
- A canopy climber, reaching 10 m high.
- Leaves simple, spirally arranged, about 6-12 cm long and
3.5-8 cm wide, strongly 3-veined at the base. Leaves narrow
terminally to form a drip tip.
- Flowers are small and greenish white in colour, unisexual on
- Fruit a small nut covered with persistent orange, perianth
Distribution and habitat
Native to tropical Africa, including West
Africa, Central Africa and East Africa. Within southern Africa, it
occurs along the coast of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape, as far
south as Port St Johns; also eastern Zimbabwe. Occurs in forest or
on forest margins, including dune forest.
Information below from Grubben and Denton
- Cooked as a vegetable in the DRC.
- Rope and fishing lines are manufactured from the bark fibres
(e.g. in DRC and Nigeria).
- The leaves are used to treat scabies in Cameroon.
- The Shambaa people in Tanzania chew the leaves and swallow
the juice to treat nausea whereas in Nigeria the leaf juice is
drunk to treat intestinal disorders.
- The stem is cut to yield drinkable water and in Congo this
water is drunk to treat rapid heart beat (tachycardia).
- Grubben, G.J.H. and Denton, O.A. (Editors) 2004. Plant
Resources of Tropical Africa. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation /
Backhuys Publishers, Netherlands.
- Palgrave, K.C. and Palgrave, M.C. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. 3rd
Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.