[= Pouzolzia hypoleuca]
Seepnetel, Wildebraam [Afrikaans]; isikukuku
[Ndabele]; Nthadzwa [Tswana]; Muthanzwa, Murovhadembe [Venda]
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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
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Eurosid I > Order: Rosales >
- A multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, growing to a maximum
height of about 4 m
- The bark is smooth, dark reddish-brown. The branchlets have
a velvety surface.
- Watery latex present.
- The leaves are simple, spirally arranged and ovate with a
tapering apex and lobed base, 3-veined from the base, and with
smooth margins. They have contrasting upper and lower surfaces,
the upper surface dark green and the under-surface silvery
white-felted. Leaves tend to stick together and to clothing.
- The flowers are small, greenish with separate male and
female flowers on the same plant. They grow in dense clusters in
the axils of leaves.
- The fruit is a very small nut enclosed in the remains of the
Distribution and habitat
Native distribution extends from northern
KwaZulu-Natal, through Swaziland, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, Northwest
Province, Limpopo, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and then further north as far
as Malawi. Grows on dry rocky hillsides, in open woodland, and
along dry stream banks.
- Fibres from the bark are used to make rope and string and to
make fishing nets.
- The leaves are cooked as a green vegetable, often with
the leaves of the related plant,
- The leaves produce
Genus is named after Pierre M. de Pouzolz
(1785-1858), who wrote about the French flora.
Species name mixta means mixed, possibly
referring to the contrasting colours of the upper and lower surfaces
of the leaves.
- Palgrave, K.C. and Palgrave, M.C. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. 3rd
Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
- Palmer, E. and Pitman, N. 1972. Trees of Southern Africa covering all
known indigenous species in the Republic of South Africa, South-West Africa,
Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. Volume 1. A.A. Balkema, Cape
- Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. and McCleland, W. 2002. Trees and Shrubs of
Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana, Johannesburg.
- van Wyk, B. and van Wyk, P. 1997. Field Guide to Trees of Southern
Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.