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Genus: Xylosma (brushhollies, xylosmas)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Salicaceae

About 85 species, mainly native to the tropics of Central and South America, the Caribbean, Pacific Islands, Asia and Australasia but also extending into warm-temperate regions. Three species cultivated in southern Africa, all from east Asia (China, Taiwan, Japan).

Previously placed in the Flacourtiaceae.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Xylosma congestum (Shiny xylosma)

Native to Japan, China and Taiwan.


Xylosma japonicum

Native to Japan, China and Taiwan.


Xylosma senticosum

Native to China.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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