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Genus: Pentas

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Rubiaceae

About 34 species, native to Africa, Arabian Peninsula and Madagascar, with five species native to southern Africa and a further three species that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Pentas angustifolia

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Pentas micrantha


Pentas nobilis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Pentas purpurea

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Pentas zanzibarica

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002)

Pentas bussei

Native to tropical Africa.


Pentas lanceolata

Native from tropical Africa to Arabia.

Pentas longiflora

Native to tropical Africa.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Verdcourt, B. 1953. A revision of certain African genera of herbaceous Rubiaceae V - a revision of the genus Pentas Bentham together with a key to related genera. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Bruxelles 23: 237-371.

  • Verdcourt, B. 1989. Rubiaceae. Flora Zambesiaca 5,1: 1-210.


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