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Genus: Galium

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Rubiaceae

About 400 species, found worldwide, with 16 species native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), African Flowering Plants database, Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Galium amatymbicum 


Galium bredasdorpense


Galium bussei

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.  See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Galium capense


Galium chloroionanthum

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Galium monticolum


Galium mucroniferum


Galium rourkei


Galium scabrelloides


Galium scabrellum

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Galium spurium


Galium spurium-aparine


Galium subvillosum


Galium thunbergianum

See Flora of Zimbabwe, where it is split into var. thunbergianum and var. hirsutum.


Galium tomentosum


Galium undulatum



  • Puff, C. 1986. Paederieae, Anthospermeae, Rubieae. Flora of southern Africa 31, part 1, fascicle 2: 1-79.

  • Puff, C. 1989. Otiophora, Paederia, Anthospermum, Rubia & Galium. Flora Zambesiaca 5,1: 63-65, 142-149, 150-158, 193-201.


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