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Genus: Coffea

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Rubiaceae

A total of 40 species, occurring in the Old World tropics, with six species native to southern Africa and a further four species that are cultivated in southern Africa. Coffee is produced mainly from Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee, Arabica coffee) although other species are also used, to a much lesser extent.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Retief (2003), Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Coffea racemosa (Mozambique coffee)

 

Coffea ligustroides

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Coffea mufindiensis (Mufindi coffee)

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Coffea racemosa (Inhambane coffee, Mozambique coffee)

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Coffea salvatrix (Mukofi, Wild coffee)

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Coffea zanguebariae (Pondo coffee)

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee, Arabica coffee)

Native to tropical east Africa. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee, Arabica coffee)

Coffea canephora (Robusta coffee, Congo coffee)

Native to tropical Africa. A minor commercial species, used mainly for instant coffee.

 

Coffea liberica (Liberian coffee, Abeokuta coffee)

Native to tropical west Africa. A minor commercial species, used mainly to add a bitter flavour to coffee blends.

 

Coffea stenophylla

Native to tropical West Africa.

 

 

Publications

  • Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. 1988. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Rubiaceae (part 2): 415-747.

  • Retief, E. 2003. Rubiaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 825-841. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

 

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