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Genus: Canthium

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Rubiaceae

About 52 species, found in tropical areas of the Old World, with 13 species native to southern Africa. 

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique. Note that a number of species once placed under Canthium, are now placed in the genus Afrocanthium.

Canthium armatum

[= Plectroniella armata]


Canthium ciliatum


Canthium glaucum


Canthium inerme (Common turkey-berry)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Canthium kuntzeanum


Canthium ngonii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Canthium oligocarpum (Chimanimani canthium)

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Canthium pseudorandii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Canthium racemulosum

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Canthium setiflorum


Canthium spinosum


Canthium suberosum


Canthium vanwykii



  • Bridson, D.M. 1992. The genus Canthium (Rubiaceae - Vanguerieae) in tropical Africa. Kew Bulletin 47: 355-403.

  • Bridson, D.M. 1998. Rubiaceae. Flora Zambesiaca 5,2: 211-377.

  • Verdcourt, B. & Bridson, D.M. 1991. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Rubiaceae (part 3): 1-956.


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