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Family: Restionaceae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales

There are 38 genera and about 520 species (Africa, Madagascar, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Chile in South America), with 18 genera and 342 species native to southern Africa, occurring mainly in the fynbos.

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Archer (2000).

Anthochortus

Seven species, endemic to the Western Cape.

 

Askidiosperma

Twelve species, endemic to the Western Cape.

Calopsis

Five species, endemic to southern Africa.

 

Cannomois

Twelve species, endemic to the Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

Ceratocaryum

Eight species, endemic to the Western Cape.

Elegia

Fifty species, endemic to southern Africa (Northern Cape, Western Cape and Eastern Cape).

Hydrophilus

One species, Hydrophilus rattrayi, endemic to Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

 

Hypodiscus

Fifteen species, endemic to southern Africa (Northern Cape, Western Cape and Eastern Cape).

Ischyrolepis

Two species, endemic to southern Africa.

 

Mastersiella

Three species, endemic to the Western Cape.

 

Nevillea

Two species, endemic to the Western Cape.

Platycaulos

Ten species, endemic to Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

Restio

154 species native to southern Africa.

Rhodocoma

Eight species, endemic to southern Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal).

Soroveta

One species - Soroveta ambigua [= Restio ambiguus].

 

Staberoha

Nine species, endemic to the Western Cape.

Thamnochortus

Thirty-two species, endemic to southern Africa (Western Cape and Eastern Cape). Plants of the species Thamnochortus insignis are a major source of material for thatching of roofs, and are harvested mainly in the Albertinia region of the Western Cape.

 

Willdenowia

Eleven species, endemic to Western Cape and Northern Cape.

Publications

  • Archer, C. 2000. Restionaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 729-733. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

 


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