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Genus: Primula

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Order: Ericales > Family: Primulaceae

About 490-600 species, native to the Northern Hemisphere, with the distribution extending southwards to Ethiopia, Indonesia, New Guinea and the southern tip of South America. Twelve species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Primula beesiana

Native to China.


Primula elatior (Oxlip)

Native from Europe to Iran.


Primula florindae

Native to China.


Primula forbesii

Native to Burma and China.


Primula frondosa

Native from Sweden to Bulgaria.


Primula malacoides

Native from India to China.


Primula obconica

Native to China.


Primula prolifera

Native to northeastern India and Indonesia.


Primula sinensis (Chinese primrose)

Native to China.


Primula veris (Cowslip)

Native from Europe to Iran.


Primula verticillata

Native to northeastern Africa and Arabia.


Primula vulgaris (primrose)

Native from North Africa to Russia.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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