Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Thamnocalamus tessellatus (Drakensberg bamboo)

[= Arundinaria tessellata]

Drakensberg-bamboes [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales > Family: Poaceae

Forms dense leafy clumps growing to a height of 3-4 m. Occurs in high altitude regions of the Drakensberg mountains (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State and Lesotho). Flowering appears to happen at 45 year intervals (records from Natal/KwaZulu-Natal for 1908, 1953 and 1998/99) (Palgrave and Palgrave 2002).


  • Palgrave, K.C. and Palgrave, M.C. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. 3rd Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
  • Soderstrom, T.R. & Ellis, R.P. 1982. Taxonomic status of the endemic South African bamboo, Arundinaria tessellata. Bothalia 14: 5357.


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search