boermanna, mannakoering, giers
[Afrikaans]; lebelebele [Sotho]
> eukaryotes >
Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales
> Family: Poaceae
Setaria italica was domesticated from the wild
Setaria viridis in East Asia more than 7000 years ago, during the
Neolithic period. The earliest records of seeds in archaeological sites come
from northern China, dating to the 6th millenium BC and during this period (the
Neolithic) Foxtail millet was the main crop in this region.
Foxtail millet is nowadays a minor crop in SE Europe,
parts of Asia (especially India, China and Japan) and North Africa. In southern
Africa it is grown to a minor extent for human consumption, and on the Springbok
Flats it is grown commercially for producing bird seed. Different cultivars can
have different coloured seeds: white, yellow and red.
In southern Africa it has also become
van Wyk, B.-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's
Plants. A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza Publications,
Zohary, D. & Hopf, M. 1993. Domestication
of plants in the old World - The origin and spread of cultivated plants in
West Asia, Europe, and the Nile Valley. Clarendon Press, Oxford.