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Genus: Eragrostis 

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales > Family: Poaceae

There are about 350 species worldwide (cosmopolitan) of which 106 species are native to southern Africa and four species are naturalised. 

In southern Africa in times of famine, seeds are sometimes harvested from wild plants of Eragrostis chloromelas, Eragrostis cilianensis, Eragrostis curvula and Eragrostis plana and used in making bread and beer. 

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Eragrostis acraea

Eragrostis aethiopica

 

Eragrostis amabilis

 

Eragrostis annulata

 

Eragrostis arenicola

 

Eragrostis aristata

 

Eragrostis aspera

 

Eragrostis atrovirens

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis barbinodis

 

Eragrostis bergiana

 

Eragrostis bicolor

 

Eragrostis biflora

 

Eragrostis botryodes

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis barbinodis

 

Eragrostis brainii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis brizantha

 

Eragrostis caniflora

 

Eragrostis castelleneana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis capensis

Eragrostis capillifolia

 

Eragrostis castelleneana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis chapelieri

Eragrostis chloromelas

Seeds are sometimes harvested for food in times of famine.

 

Eragrostis cilianensis

Seeds are sometimes harvested for food in times of famine.

 

Eragrostis ciliaris

 

Eragrostis cimicina

 

Eragrostis comptonii

 

Eragrostis congesta

Eragrostis crassinervis

 

Eragrostis curvula (Weeping lovegrass)

Seeds are sometimes harvested for food in times of famine.

Eragrostis cylindriflora

 

Eragrostis desolata

 

Eragrostis dinteri

 

Eragrostis echinochloidea

 

Eragrostis elatior

 

Eragrostis friesii

 

Eragrostis gangetica

 

Eragrostis glabrata

 

Eragrostis glandulosipedata

 

Eragrostis glischra

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis gummiflua

 

Eragrostis habrantha

 

Eragrostis heteromera

 

Eragrostis hierniana

 

Eragrostis hispida

Eragrostis homomalla

 

Eragrostis inamoena

Eragrostis japonica

Eragrostis jeffreysii

 

Eragrostis kingesii

 

Eragrostis laevissima

 

Eragrostis lappula

 

Eragrostis latifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis leersiiformis

 

Eragrostis lehmanniana

 

Eragrostis leptotricha

 

Eragrostis macilenta

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis macrochlamys

 

Eragrostis membranacea

 

Eragrostis micrantha

 

Eragrostis mildbraedii

 

Eragrostis moggii

 

Eragrostis mollior

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis nindensis

 

Eragrostis obtusa

 

Eragrostis omahekensis

 

Eragrostis pallens

 

Eragrostis paradoxa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis patens

Eragrostis patentipilosa

[=Eragrostis pseudosclerantha]

Eragrostis patentissima

 

Eragrostis phyllacantha

 

Eragrostis pilgeriana

 

Eragrostis pilosa

 

Eragrostis plana

Seeds are sometimes harvested for food in times of famine. 

Eragrostis planiculmis

 

Eragrostis porosa

 

Eragrostis procumbens

 

Eragrostis pseudopoa

 

Eragrostis pseudoteff

 

Eragrostis pygmaea

 

Eragrostis racemosa

Eragrostis remotiflora

 

Eragrostis rigidior

 

Eragrostis rogersii

 

Eragrostis rotifer

 

Eragrostis sabinae

 

Eragrostis sabulosa

 

Eragrostis saresberiensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis sarmentosa

 

Eragrostis sclerantha

 

Eragrostis scopelophila

 

Eragrostis stapfii

 

Eragrostis stenothyrsa

 

Eragrostis subglandulosa

 

Eragrostis superba

Eragrostis tenuifolia

Eragrostis tremula

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Eragrostis trichophora

 

Eragrostis truncata

 

Eragrostis vacillans

 

Eragrostis venustula

 

Eragrostis viscosa

 

Eragrostis volkensii

 

Eragrostis walteri

 

Eragrostis welwitschii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI)

Eragrostis barrelieri

 

Eragrostis mexicana

 

Eragrostis minor

 

Eragrostis tef (Teff)

Native to Ethiopia.

 

Publications

  • Fish, L. 2003. Poaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1152-1194. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

  • van Wyk, B.-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's Plants. A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.  

 

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