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Genus: Bambusa (bamboo genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales > Family: Poaceae

There are about 120 species worldwide (native to tropical Asia and America) of which two, Bambusa balcooa (Common bamboo) and Bambusa vulgaris (see Flora of Zimbabwe), have become naturalised in southern Africa. An additional six species are cultivated in the region.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Bambusa balcooa (Common bamboo)


Bambusa vulgaris

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

From Glen (2002).

Bambusa arundinacea (Thorny bamboo)

Native to India.


Bambusa bambos

[= Bambusa spinosa]

Native to south-east Asia.


Bambusa glaucescens

[= Bambusa nana]

Native to China.


Bambusa oldhamii

Native to Taiwan.


Bambusa polymorpha

Native from India to Thailand.


Bambusa textilis

Native to China.



  • Fish, L. 2003. Poaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1152-1194. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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