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Family: Phytolaccaceae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales

Eighteen genera and about 65 species (mainly neotropical, also Old World and temperate regions), with three genera and eight species native to southern Africa, an additional genus and three species that are naturalised, and another species that is cultivated in the region.

Genera native to southern Africa

Information from Jordaan (2000).


Three to five species (South America and tropical Africa), of which one, Hilleria latifolia, is native to southern Africa.



Four species (Africa), all of which are native to southern Africa.



About 25 species (tropical and subtropical regions), with three species native to southern Africa and two that are naturalised in the region.


Genera naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).


One species: Rivina humilis (Coral berry), orginates from tropical and subtropical America and is a declared Category 1 invasive plant in South Africa. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa

Information from Glen (2002).

Petiveria alliacea (Erva-guiné)

Native from Mexico to Brazil.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Jordaan, M. 2000. Phytolaccaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 442-444). National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.



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