Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Family: Penaeaceae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Myrtales 

Nine genera and 34 species, native to eastern and southern Africa, also St Helena. The majority of the diversity is in southern Africa, particularly in fynbos of  the Western Cape and Eastern Cape.  All nine genera are native to southern Africa, and 31 species are native to the region.

Genera native to southern Africa

Information from Bredenkamp (2000).

Brachysiphon

Five species, endemic to the Western Cape.

 

Endonema

Two species, endemic to the Western Cape - Endonema lateriflora and Endonema retzioides.

 

Glischrocolla

One species: Glischrocolla formosa, endemic to the Western Cape.

 

Olinia

Ten species, native to Africa, with seven species native to southern Africa. Previously placed in its own family, the Oliniaceae.

 

Penaea 

Four species, endemic to the Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

Penaea mucronata

Rhynchocalyx

One species: Rhynchocalyx lawsonioides, native to coastal areas of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.

 
Saltera

One species: Saltera sarcocolla, endemic to the Western Cape.

 
Sonderothamnus

Two species, endemic to the Western Cape.

Sonderothamnus speciosus

Stylapterus

Eight species, endemic to the Western Cape.

 

Publications

  • Bredenkamp, C.L. 2000. Penaeaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 440-442. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search