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Genus: Harpagophytum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Pedaliaceae

Two species, endemic to southern Africa. The prickliness of the fruits is probably an adaptation for dispersal through trampling by animals such as ostriches (Midgley and Illing 2009).

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Harpagophytum procumbens

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Harpagophytum zeyheri

See Flora of Zimbabwe.



  • Midgley, J.J. and Illing, N. 2009. Were Malagasy Uncarina fruits dispersed by the extinct elephant bird? South African Journal of Science 105: 467-469.


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