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Genus: Papaver (poppies)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Order: Ranunculales > Family: Papaveraceae > Subfamily: Papaveroideae

About 80 species, native to Europe, temperate Asia, Australia and Africa. Papaver aculeatum is the only indigenous species in southern Africa and there are also three naturalised species. An additional eight species are cultivated.

"In Flanders Field the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row..."

from "In Flanders Field" by John McCrae.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Papaver argemone


Papaver hybridum


Papaver rhoeas (Red poppy, Field poppy, Flanders poppy)

Native to Eurasia and North Africa.


Other species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Papaver alpinum


Papaver atlanticum

Native to Morocco.


Papaver burseri

Native to central and eastern Europe.


Papaver croceum (Iceland poppy)

Native to Siberia and Mongolia.


Papaver orientale (Oriental poppy)

Native from Turkey to Iran.

Papaver radicatum

Native to the Arctic.


Papaver somniferum (Opium poppy)


Papaver syriacum

Indigenous from Israel to Turkey.



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