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Genus: Fraxinus (ashes)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Oleaceae

About 65 species, native mainly to the North Temperate regions. Ten species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Fraxinus americana (American ash)

Native to the eastern USA and Canada.


Fraxinus angustifolia (Algerian ash)

Native to southern Europe and southwestern Asia.


Fraxinus bungeana

Native to northern China.


Fraxinus caroliniana (Water ash)

Native to eastern USA and Canada.


Fraxinus excelsior (European ash)

Native from Europe to the Caucasus.


Fraxinus ornus (Flowering ash)

Native to the Mediterranean.


Fraxinus oxycarpa

Native to southern Europe and southwestern Asia.


Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green ash)

Native to the eastern USA.


Fraxinus uhdei

Native to Mexico.


Fraxinus velutina (Velvet ash)

Native to southern USA and Mexico.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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