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Family: Nyctaginaceae (Bougainvillea family)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales

About 30 genera and 395 species (warm regions, mainly Americas), with four genera and 15 species native to southern Africa, an additional genus and five species that are naturalised, and an additional genus and three species that are cultivated in the region.

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).


About 20 species (tropical and subtropical regions, mainly in North America), with four species native to southern Africa and a further three species that are naturalised in the region.



About 32 species (widespread but mainly Africa), of which nine species are native to southern Africa.



One species: Phaeoptilum spinosum, which is endemic to southern Africa.



About 50 species (tropical and subtropical regions). Pisonia aculeata is native to southern Africa and Pisonia umbellifera (Bird lime tree) (native to Indian Ocean islands) is cultivated in the region.


Genera naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).


About 60 species (mainly warms regions of America but one in Asia), of which two species have become naturalised in southern Africa.


Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa

Information from Glen (2002).

Bougainvillea (Bougainvilleas)

Native to South America. Two species and a hybrid cultivated in southern Africa.


  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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