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Genus: Eucalyptus

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Myrtales > Family: Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus plantation on Robben Island. [photo H. Robertson, Iziko ]

Most of the 746 species are native to Australia although there are also a few species in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and the Philippines. Ten species are naturalised in southern Africa and a further 197 species and nine hybrids are cultivated in the region. See also Corymbia, species of which were previously included in Eucalyptus.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River red gum, Murray red gum)

Native to Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus cladocalyx (Sugar gum)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus globulus (Eurabbie, Southern blue gum, Tasmanian blue gum, Maiden's gum, Victorian eurabbie)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus gomphocephala (Tuart)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus grandis (Flooded gum, Rose gum)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia and Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Eucalyptus lehmannii (Bushy yate)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Euclid

 

Eucalyptus longifolia (Woollybutt)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus microtheca (Coolibah)

Native to northern Australia. See Euclid

 

Eucalyptus regnans (Mountain ash, Swamp gum, Stringy gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus sideroxylon (Red ironbark, Mugga)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Eucalyptus acaciiformis (Wattle-leaved peppermint)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus accedens (Powderbark)

Native to western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus acmenoides (White mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus agglomerata (Blue-leaved stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus aggregata (Black gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus alba (White gum)

Native to northern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus albens (White box)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus albopurpurea (Port Lincoln mallee)

[= Eucalyptus lansdowneana subsp. albopurpurea]

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus amplifolia (Cabbage gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus amygdalina (Black peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus andrewsii (New England blackbutt, New England ash)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus angulosa (Rigdge-fruited mallee)

Native to southern and southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus argillacea

Native to northern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus argophloia (Queensland white gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus astringens (Brown mallet)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus baileyana (Bailey's stringbark)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus bakeri (Baker's mallee)

Native to northeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus baueriana (Blue box)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus behriana (Bull mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus beyeri (Beyer's ironbark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus blakelyi (Blakely's red gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus blaxlandii (Blaxland's stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus bosistoana (Coast grey box)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus botryoides (Bangalay, Southern mahogany)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus brassiana (Cape York red gum)

Native to northeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus brevifolia (Snappy gum)

Native to northwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus bridgesiana (Apple box)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus brockwayi (Dundas mahogany)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus burdettiana (Burdett's gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus caesia (Gungurru, Silver princess)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus caleyi (Caley's ironbark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus caliginosa (Broad-leaved stringybark)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus calycogona (Gooseberry mallee)

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus cameronii (Diehard stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Euclid

 

Eucalyptus camphora (Mountain swamp gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus canaliculata (Large-fruited grey gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus capitellata (Brown stringy bark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus carnea

[= Eucalyptus umbra subsp. carnea]

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus cephalocarpa (Mealy stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus cinerea (Argyle apple, Florist's gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus cloeziana (Gympie messmate)

Native to northeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus coccifera (Tasmanian snow gum)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus conica (Fuzzy box)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus consideniana (Yertchuk)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus cornuta (Yate)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus cosmophylla (Cup gum)

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus crebra (Narrow-leaved ironbark, Queensland grey ironbark)

[= Eucalyptus drepanophylla]

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus cypellocarpa (Mountain grey gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus dalrympleana (Mountain gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus dealbata (Tumbledown gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus deanei (Deane's gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus decipiens (Redheart)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus deglupta (Kamerere)

Native from Indonesia to the Philippines. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus delagatensis (Alpine ash)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus diversicolor (Karri)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus dives (Broad-leaved peppermint)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus dolichorhyncha (Blue-leaved ironbark)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus dumosa (White mallee, Congoo mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus dundasii (Dundas blackbutt)

Native to western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus dunnii (Dunn's white gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus elata (River peppermint)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus elliptica

[= Eucalyptus mannifera subsp. elliptica]

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus eremophila

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus erythrocorys (Illyarrie)

Native to western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus erythronema (Red-flowered mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus eugenioides (Thin-leaved stringybark, Queensland white stringybark)

[= Eucalyptus nigra]

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus exserta (Queensland peppermint)

Native to northeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus fastigata (Brown barrel)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus fibrosa (Broad-leaved ironbark, Blue-leaved ironbark)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus flocktoniae (Merrit)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus foecunda

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus forrestiana (Fuchsia gum)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus fraxinoides (White mountain ash)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus gamophylla (Blue mallee, Twin-leaf mallee)

Native to central and western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus gardneri (Blue mallet)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus gillii (Curly mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus glaucescens (Tingiringi gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus globoidea (White stringybark, Narrow-leaved stringybark)

[= Eucalyptus oblonga]

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus goniocalyx (Long-leaved box)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus griffithsii (Griffiths grey gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus grossa (Coarse-leaved mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus guilfoylei (Yellow tingle)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus gunnii (Cider gum)

Native to Tasmania. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus haemastoma (Scribbly gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus incrassata (Lerp mallee)

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus jacksonii (Red tingle)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus kitsoniana (Gippsland mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus kruseana (Bookleaf mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus laevopinea (Silvertop stringybark)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus lansdowneana (Crimson mallee)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus largiflorens (Black box)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus leptophleba (Molloy red box)

Native to northeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus leucoxylon (Yellow gum, Blue gum)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus longicornis (Red morrel)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus longirostrata (Grey gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus loxophleba (York gum)

Native to western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus luehmanniana (Yellow-top mallee ash)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus macarthurii (Camden woollybutt)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus macrocarpa (Mottlecah)

Native to western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus macrorhyncha (Cannon's stringybark, Red stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus mannifera (Brittle gum, Mountain spotted gum, Mottled gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus marginata (Jarrah)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus megacarpa (Bullich)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus melanophloia (Silver-leaved ironbark)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus melliodora (Yellow box)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus microcarpa (Grey box)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus microcorys (Tallow-wood)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus miniata (Darwin woollybutt)

Native to northern Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus moluccana (Grey box)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus muelleriana (Yellow stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus neglecta (Omeo gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus nicholii (Narrow-leaved peppermint)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus nitens (Shining gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus nitida (Smithton peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus nortonii (Mealy bundy)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus notabilis (Blue Mountains mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus nova-anglica (New England peppermint)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus obliqua (Messmate, Messmate stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus obtusiflora (Port Jackson mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus occidentalis (Flat-topped yate, Swamp yate)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus ochrophloia (Yapunyah)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus odorata (Peppermint box)

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus oleosa (Giant mallee, Red mallee)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus oligantha (Broad-leaved box)

Native to northwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus orbifolia (Round-leaved mallee)

Native to central and western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus oreades (Blue mountain ash)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus ovata (Swamp gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus paniculata (Grey ironbark)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus parvula (Kybean gum)

[= Eucalyptus parvifolia]

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus patellaris (Weeping box)

Native to northern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus patens (Yarri, Blackbutt)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus pauciflora (Snow gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus pellita (Large-fruited red mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus perriniana (Spinning gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus petiolaris

[= Eucalyptus leucoxylon subsp. petiolaris]

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus pilligaensis (Narrow-leaved box, Pilliga box)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus pilularis (Blackbutt)

Native to eastern Australia. See Euclid

 

Eucalyptus piperita (Sydney peppermint)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus platypus (Moort)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus polyanthemos (Red box)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus polybracteata (Blue-leaved mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus populnea (Bimble box, Poplar box)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus porosa (Mallee box)

Native to southern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus preissiana (Bell-fruited mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus propinqua (Grey gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus pulchella (White peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus pulverulenta (Silver-leaved mountain gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus punctata (Grey gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus pyriformis (Dowerin rose, Pear-fruited mallee)

Native to western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus pyrocarpa (Large-fruited blackbutt)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus quandrangulata (White-topped box)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus racemosa (Scribbly gum)

Subspecies rossii cultivated in southern Africa. Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus radiata (Narrow-leaved peppermint)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus redunca (Black marlock)

Native to western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus resinifera (Red mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus risdonii (Risdon peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus robusta (Swamp mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus rodwayi (Swamp peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus rubida (Candlebark)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus rudderi (Rudder's box)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus rudis (Flooded gum)

Native to western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus rummeryi (Brown box)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus saligna (Sydney blue gum)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus salmonophloia (Salmon gum)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus salubris (Gimlet)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus sargentii (Salt River gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus scoparia (Wallangarra white gum)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus seeana (Narrow-leaved red gum)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus sepulcralis (Weeping gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus siderophloia (Northern grey ironbark)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus sieberi (Silvertop ash)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus smithii (Gully gum)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus staigeriana (Lemon-scented ironbark)

Native to northeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus stellulata (Black sallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus stoatei (Scarlet pear gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus stowardii (Fluted horn mallee)

Native to western Australia.

 

Eucalyptus stricklandii (Strickland's gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus stricta (Blue mountains mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus tenuiramis (Silver peppermint)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus tereticornis (Forest red gum)

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus tetraptera

Native to southwestern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus tetrodonta (Darwin stringybark)

Native to northern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus todtiana (Pricklybark)

Native to western Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus torquata (Coral gum)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus transcontinentalis (Redwood)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus tricarpa

[= Eucalyptus sideroxylon subsp. tricarpa]

Native to eastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus umbra (Broad-leaved white mahogany)

Native to eastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus uncinata (Hook-leaved mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus urnigera (Urn gum)

Native to Tasmania.

 

Eucalyptus urophylla

Native to Indonesia.

 

Eucalyptus utilis

[= Eucalyptus platypus var. heterophylla]

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus viminalis (Manna gum)

Native to southern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus viridis (Green mallee)

Native to southeastern Australia. See Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus wandoo (Wandoo)

Native to southwestern Australia. See Euclid, Wikipedia

 

Eucalyptus websteriana (Webster's mallee)

Native to southwestern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus yarraensis (Yarra gum)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus youmanii (Youman's stringybark)

Native to southeastern Australia.

 

Eucalyptus x congener

 

Eucalyptus x gomphocornuta

 

Eucalyptus x insizwaensis  

 

Eucalyptus x jugalis

 

Eucalyptus x kirtoniana

 

Eucalyptus x patentinervis

 

Eucalyptus x studleyensis

 

Eucalyptus x trabutii

 

Eucalyptus x vitrea

 

Links

Publications

  • Calder, I.R. 1992. Water use in eucalypts - a review. In: Growth and Water Use of Forest Plantations (eds Calder, I.R., Hall, R.L. & Adlard, P.G.). J. Wiley, New York, pp. 167-179.

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Smith, R.E. & Bosch, J.M. 1989. A description of the Westfalia catchment experiment to determine the effect on water yield of clearing the riparian zone and converting an indigenous forest to a eucalypt plantation. South African Forestry Journal 151: 26-31.

  • Smith, R.E. & Scott, D.F. 1992. The effects of afforestation on low flows in various regions of South Africa. Water SA 18: 185-194.

  • Stone, E.L. & Kalisz, P.J. 1991. On the maximum extent of tree roots. Forest Ecology and Management 46: 59-102.

  • Van Wijk, D.B. 1987. Some effects of afforestation on streamflow in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Water SA 13: 31-36.

 


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