Maclura africana (African osage-orange)
[= Cardiogyne africana]
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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids >
Eurosid I > Order: Rosales >
- A shrub or small tree, growing to a height of 8m, with
- Leaves are simple, elliptic, from 3 to 9 cm long by 1 to
4 cm wide.
- The white, sweet-smelling flowers are in dense,
spherical heads that are about 1.5 cm in diameter. Flowers
are unisexual with sexes on different trees.
- The "fruit" is similar to mulberries in that it
originates from a number of different flowers where each
flower has become thick and fleshy. Different from
mulberries in that it is more spherical with the dried
remains of the stigmas of the individual flowers radiating
Distribution and habitat
Native to SE Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South
Africa (northeastern KwaZulu-Natal), and Madagascar.
- Flowers from March to May.
- Fruits from August to October.
- A yellow dye is extracted from the heartwood.
- The leaves and roots are evidently used for medicinal
- Palgrave, K.C. and Palgrave, M.C. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. 3rd
Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
- van Wyk, B. and van Wyk, P. 1997. Field Guide to Trees of Southern
Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.