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Polypodiales (leptosporangiate ferns)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Monilophyta (ferns)

Classification

Osmundaceous ferns

 
   

Family: Osmundaceae

Two species native to southern Africa : Osmunda regalis and Todea barbara.

 

filmy ferns

 
   

Family: Hymenophyllaceae

Five genera and 11 species native to southern Africa .

 

gleichenoid ferns

 
   

Family: Gleicheniaceae

Two genera (Dicranopteris and Gleichenia) and three species native to southern Africa .

 

Core leptosporangiates

 
 

schizaeoid ferns

 
   

Family: Anemiaceae

Two genera (Anemia and Mohria) and eight species native to southern Africa .

 
   

Family: Lygodiaceae

Two species in southern Africa: Lygodium japonicum (naturalised) and Lygodium microphyllum (indigenous).

 
   

Family: Schizaeaceae

Schizaea pectinata and Schizaea tenella are native to southern Africa.

 
 

heterosporous ferns

 
   

Family: Azollaceae

Aquatic ferns with one genus (Azolla) and two species native to southern Africa . One of the species, Azolla filiculoides (Azolla, Red water fern, Rooiwatervaring), is naturalised in the region and is a declared Category 1 invader plant in South Africa.

 
   

Family: Marsilleaceae

Two genera (Marsilea and Pilularia) and 17 species native to southern Africa .

 
   

Family: Salviniaceae

Salvinia molesta (Kariba weed) is naturalised in southern Africa and is a declared Category 1 invasive plant in South Africa.

 
 

tree ferns

 
   

Family: Cyatheaceae

One genus (Cyathea) and two species native to southern Africa .

 
 

polypod ferns

 
   

Family: Aspleniaceae

One genus (Asplenium) and 35 species native to southern Africa .

 
   

Family: Blechnaceae

Two indigenous genera (Blechnum and Stenochlaena) with seven species in southern Africa. In addition, Doodia squarrosa is naturalised in the region.

 
   

Family: Davalliaceae

One species, Davallia denticulata, native to southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Dennstaedtiaceae

Five genera and seven species native to southern Africa .

 
   

Family: Dryopteridaceae

Seven genera and 20 species native to southern Africa

 
   

Family: Grammitidaceae

Two species (Grammitis poeppigiana and Melpomene flabellliformis) native to southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Lindsaeaceae

One species, Lindsaea ensifolia, native to southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Lomariopsidaceae

Two genera (Bolbitis and Elaphoglossum) and nine species native to southern Africa .

 
   

Family: Nephrolepidaceae

One indigenous species (Nephrolepis biserrata) and one naturalised species (Nephrolepis exaltata - Sword fern, Swaardvaring) in southern Africa. The latter species is a declared Category 3 invasive plant in South Africa.

 
   

Family: Oleandraceae

Two indigenous species in southern Africa: Arthropteris monocarpa and Oleandra distenta.

 
   

Family: Parkeriaceae

One species, Ceratopteris thalictroides, is native to southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Polypodiaceae

Seven genera, 13 species indigenous and two species naturalised in southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Pteridaceae

Nine genera and 52 species native to southern Africa , with an additional three species that are naturlised to the region.

 
   

Family: Tectariaceae

Two species native to southern Africa : Megalastrum lanuginosum and Tectaria gemmifera.

 
   

Family: Thelypteridaceae

Eight genera and 15 species native to southern Africa . An additional genus and species, Macrothelypteris torresiana, is naturalised in the region.

 
   

Family: Vittariaceae

One species, Vittaria isoetifolia, native to southern Africa.

 
   

Family: Woodsiaceae

Five indigenous genera to southern Africa, with seven indigenous species and one naturalised species. An additional genus and species, Deparia japonica, is naturalised in the region.

 

Publications

  • Roux, J.P. Pteridophyta. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 65-86. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

 

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