Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Corchorus (jute genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Malvales > Family: Malvaceae

Formerly in Tiliaceae. About 100 species worldwide, widespread in tropics and subtropics. Nineteen species are native to southern Africa and a further two species are cultivated in the region. Corchorus olitorius (Tossa jute) and Corchorus capsularis (White jute) are cultivated for the production of jute fibre, which is used for producing hessian (or burlap in USA) fabric.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Corchorus aestuans

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Corchorus angolensis

 

Corchorus argillicola

 

Corchorus asplenifolius

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Corchorus confusus

 

Corchorus fascicularis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Corchorus junodii

 

Corchorus kirkii

 

Corchorus longipedunculatus

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Corchorus merxmuelleri

 

Corchorus olitorius

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe. Considered to be a naturalised species by POSA.

 

Corchorus pinnatipartitus

 

Corchorus psammophilus

 

Corchorus pseudocapsularis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Corchorus schimperi

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Corchorus tridens

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe. Considered to be a naturalised species by POSA.

 

Corchorus trilocularis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe. Considered to be a naturalised species by POSA.

 

Corchorus sulcatus

 

Corchorus velutinus

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Corchorus capsularis (Jute, White jute, Gunny)

Native to China. One of the main sources of jute fiber, along with Corchorus olitorius.

 

Corchorus pilosulus

Native to tropical America.

 

Links

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search