> eukaryotes >
Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids >
Eurosid II > Order: Malvales > Family: Malvaceae
Formerly in Sterculiaceae. Over 100 species, all
African. Three species native to southern Africa and a
further species is cultivated in the region. Cola acuminata (Cola nut
tree or Abata kola) is native to West Africa and the seeds, termed cola
nuts, are chewed for their stimulatory effect, caused by caffeine and small
amounts of theobromine. Cola soft drinks were originally flavoured with cola
nut extracts but synthetic chemicals are now used.
Species native to southern Africa
of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI),
Flora of Mozambique.
Other species, cultivated in southern Africa
Information from Glen (2002).
Cola quinqueloba (Cola nut tree)
Native to tropical Africa.