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Genus: Abutilon

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Malvales > Family: Malvaceae

There are about 100 species worldwide, occurring mainly in the tropics and subtropics. Twenty species are native to southern Africa, one species is naturalised, and a further three species are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Abutilon angulatum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Abutilon austro-africanum


Abutilon betschuanicum


Abutilon dinteri


Abutilon engleranum


Abutilon flanaganii


Abutilon fruticosum


Abutilon galpinii


Abutilon grandiflorum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Abutilon grantii


Abutilon hirtum


Abutilon indicum subsp. guineense


Abutilon lauraster


Abutilon longicuspe

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Abutilon mauritianum


Abutilon piloso-cinereum


Abutilon pycnodon


Abutilon ramosum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Abutilon rehmannii


Abutilon sonneratianum

Species naturalised in southern Africa

From Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Abutilon theophrasti (Chingma, Chinese jute, Velvetleaf, Buttonweed, Butterprint, Indian mallow)

Native to tropical Asia. See Wikipedia


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Abutilon darwinii (Darwin's mallow)

Native to Brazil. See Wikipedia


Abutilon megapotamicum (Trailing abutilon)

Native to Brazil. See Wikipedia


Abutilon pictum (Redvein abutilon, Red vein Indian mallow)

Native to Brazil. See Wikipedia



Ecological relationships


Gomalia elma (Green-marbled sandman)

Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae - skipper butterflies

Larvae eat the leaves.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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