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Genus: Ocimum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Order: Lamiales > Family: Lamiaceae

About 30 species, native to the tropics and subtropics, with 19 species native to southern Africa and an additional four species cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Ocimum americanum (Hoary basil)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum angustifolium

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum burchellianum


Ocimum centraliafricanum

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum coddii


Ocimum dolomiticola


Ocimum filamentosum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum fimbriatum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Ocimum gratissimum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum labiatum

[= Orthosiphon labiatus]


Ocimum minimum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Ocimum minutiflorum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Ocimum natalense


Ocimum obovatum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Ocimum pseudoserratum


Ocimum reclinatum


Ocimum serratum


Ocimum tubiforme


Ocimum waterbergense


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Ocimum basilicum (Sweet basil)

[= Ocimum citriodorum]

Native to the Old World tropics.


Ocimum gratissimum (Zulu basil)

Native to the Old World tropics.


Ocimum kilmandscharicum

Native to tropical Africa.


Ocimum tenuiflorum (Holy basil, Tulsi)

Native to the Old World Tropics.



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