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Genus: Ocimum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Order: Lamiales > Family: Lamiaceae

About 30 species, native to the tropics and subtropics, with 19 species native to southern Africa and an additional four species cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Ocimum americanum (Hoary basil)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum angustifolium

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum burchellianum

 

Ocimum centraliafricanum

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum coddii

 

Ocimum dolomiticola

 

Ocimum filamentosum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum fimbriatum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum gratissimum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum labiatum

[= Orthosiphon labiatus]

 

Ocimum minimum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum minutiflorum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum natalense

 

Ocimum obovatum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Ocimum pseudoserratum

 

Ocimum reclinatum

 

Ocimum serratum

 

Ocimum tubiforme

 

Ocimum waterbergense

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Ocimum basilicum (Sweet basil)

[= Ocimum citriodorum]

Native to the Old World tropics.

 

Ocimum gratissimum (Zulu basil)

Native to the Old World tropics.

 

Ocimum kilmandscharicum

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Ocimum tenuiflorum (Holy basil, Tulsi)

Native to the Old World Tropics.

 

 


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