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Genus: Clerodendrum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Lamiaceae

About 400 species, found in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. There are 13 species native to southern Africa. and 14 species cultivated. A number of species formerly placed under Clerodendrum are now in the genus Rotheca. Clerodendrum was formerly placed in the Verbenaceae.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Clerodendrum africanum

 

Clerodendrum buchneri

 

Clerodendrum cephalanthum

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Clerodendrum frutectorum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Clerodendrum glabrum

 

Clerodendrum incisum

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

 

Clerodendrum poggei

[= Clerodendrum euryphyllum]

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Clerodendrum pusillum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Clerodendrum robustum

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Clerodendrum ternatum

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Clerodendrum toxicarium

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Clerodendrum transvaalense

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002). Some of these species might have been moved to Rotheca (still to check).

Clerodendrum bungei (Bocamelia)

Indigenous India to China.

 

Clerodendrum capitatum

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Clerodendrum cunninghamii

Native to Australia.

 

Clerodendrum fallax

Native to Indonesia.

 

Clerodendrum floribundum (Lolly bush)

Native to Australia and New Guinea.

 

Clerodendrum inerme

Indigenous from India to the Pacific.

 

Clerodendrum philippinum

Native to Southeast Asia.

 

Clerodendrum quadriloculare

Native to the Philippines.

 

Clerodendrum speciosissimum

Native to Indonesia.

 

Clerodendrum splendens

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Clerodendrum thomsoniae (Bleeding heart)

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Clerodendrum trichotomum

Native to Japan.

 

Clerodendrum ugandense

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Clerodendrum wallichii (Martinica, Misteriosa)

Indigenous from Pakistan to Vietnam.

 

Herbivores

Acherontia atropos

Lepidoptera > Sphingidae

The caterpillar have been recorded eating the leaves of Clerodendrum sp. (amongst quite a wide variety of host-plants).

 

Coelonia mauritii (Fulvous Hawkmoth)

Lepidoptera > Sphingidae

Caterpillars recorded eating the leaves of Clerodendrum glabrum.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Retief, E. and Herman, P.P.J. 2003. Lamiaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 584-600. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

 

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