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Genus: Romulea

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

About 88 species (79 in southern Africa, especially diverse in winter rainfall area), found from southern Africa through to Europe, Middle East and Canary Islands.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa (POSA) - an online checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Romulea albiflora


Romulea albomarginata


Romulea amoena


Romulea aquatica

Romulea atrandra

Romulea austinii


Romulea autumnalis


Romulea barkerae

Romulea biflora


Romulea camerooniana


Romulea cedarbergensis


Romulea citrina

Romulea collina


Romulea cruciata


Romulea dichotoma


Romulea discifera


Romulea diversiformis

Romulea eburnea


Romulea elliptica


Romulea eximia

Romulea fibrosa


Romulea flava

Romulea flexuosa


Romulea gigantea


Romulea gracillima


Romulea hallii


Romulea hantamensis

Romulea hirsuta

Romulea hirta

Romulea jugicola


Romulea kamisensis


Romulea komsbergensis

Romulea leipoldtii

Romulea lilacina


Romulea longipes


Romulea lutea


Romulea luteoflora

Romulea macowanii


Romulea maculata


Romulea malaniae


Romulea membranacea


Romulea minutiflora


Romulea monadelpha

Romulea montana


Romulea monticola


Romulea multifida


Romulea multisulcata

Romulea namaquensis

Romulea neglecta


Romulea obscura


Romulea pearsonii


Romulea pratensis


Romulea rosea

Romulea rupestris


Romulea sabulosa

Romulea saldanhensis


Romulea sanguinalis


Romulea saxatilis

Romulea schlechteri


Romulea setifolia


Romulea singularis


Romulea sinispinosensis


Romulea sladenii


Romulea sphaerocarpa

Romulea stellata


Romulea subfistulosa

Romulea sulphurea


Romulea syringodeoflora


Romulea tabularis

Romulea tetragona


Romulea tortilis


Romulea tortuosa

Romulea toximontana


Romulea triflora

Romulea tubulosa


Romulea unifolia

Romulea vinacea


Romulea viridibracteata


Romulea vlokii



Flowers are mainly pollinated by bees foraging for pollen (Goldblatt & Manning 2000).


  • De Vos, M.P. 1972. The genus Romulea in South Africa. Journal of South African Botany, Suppl. Vol. 9.

  • De Vos, M.P. 1983. Syringodea, Romulea. Flora of southern Africa 7.2, fasicle 2: 1-76.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


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