Gladiolus alatus (Kalkoentjie, Red kalkoentjie)
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> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales
> Family: Iridaceae > Genus:
Gladiolus alatus flowering in spring north
of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa. [photo
Gladiolus alatus flowering in spring in
Renosterveld in the Boland, Western Cape, South Africa. [photo
Gladiolus alatus flowering at Gifberg near
Vanrhynsdorp, Western Cape, South Africa. [photos
Robertson, Iziko ©]
Unless otherwise indicated, information is from
Goldblatt and Manning (1998 pp. 230-232).
Distribution and habitat
Endemic to the Western Cape, South Africa, the distribution
covering the southwestern portion of the province, from the Bokkeveld Escarpment
near Nieuwoudtville south to Cape Town and east to Bredasdorp. Plants occur
mainly on stony sandstone or granitic soils, especially on thin soils and in
rock crevices. It is a pioneer species, resistant to drought, that quickly
colonizes disturbed areas such as road verges and field borders.
- A geophyte, with a corm measuring 12-16 mm in diameter.
- Flowers from August to September, extending through to early October at
- Seed are ovate to round, measuring about 5-8 mm long by 4-7 mm wide,
broadly and evenly winged.
- Bees > Anthophoridae > Anthophora diversipes
- Goldblatt P. and Manning J. 1998. Gladiolus in Southern Africa.
Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg, Cape Town.