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Genus: Babiana

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

Endemic to southern Africa. Most of the 91 species are endemic to the Western Cape and Namaqualand (Northern Cape).

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Babiana ambigua

Babiana angustifolia

Babiana arenicola

 

Babiana attenuata

Babiana auriculata

 

Babiana bainesii

Babiana blanda

 

Babiana brachystachys

Babiana carminea

Babiana cedarbergensis

 

Babiana cinnamomea

 

Babiana confusa

 

Babiana crispa

Babiana cuneata

Babiana curviscapa

Babiana dregei

Babiana ecklonii

Babiana engysiphon

 

Babiana fimbriata

Babiana flabellifolia

 

Babiana foliosa

 

Babiana fourcadei

 

Babiana fragrans

Babiana framesii

Babiana gariepensis

 

Babiana geniculata

 

Babiana grandiflora

 

Babiana hirsuta

Babiana horizontalis

 

Babiana hypogea

Babiana inclinata

Babiana karooica

 

Babiana lanata

 

Babiana lapeirousioides

 

Babiana latifolia

 

Babiana leipoldtii

Babiana lewisiana

 

Babiana lineolata

 

Babiana lobata

See Goldblatt (1983)

 

Babiana longicollis

 

Babiana melanops

Babiana minuta

 

Babiana montana

Babiana mucronata

Babiana namaquensis

Babiana nana

Babiana noctiflora

Babiana odorata

Babiana papyracea

 

Babiana patersoniae

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Babiana patula

Babiana pauciflora

 

Babiana petiolata

 

Babiana pilosa

 

Babiana planifolia

 

Babiana praemorsa

Babiana pubescens

 

Babiana purpurea

Babiana pygmaea

Babiana radiata

Babiana regia

 

Babiana rigidifolia

 

Babiana ringens

Babiana rubella

 

Babiana rubrocyanea

Babiana salteri

 

Babiana sambucina

Babiana scabrifolia

 

Babiana scariosa

Babiana secunda

 

Babiana sinuata

 

Babiana spathacea

Babiana spiralis

 

Babiana stenomera

 

Babiana striata

 

Babiana stricta

Babiana symmetrantha

 

Babiana tanquana

Babiana torta

Babiana toximontana

 

Babiana tritonioides

 

Babiana tubaeformis

 

Babiana tubiflora

Babiana tubulosa

Babiana unguiculata

 

Babiana vanzijliae

Babiana villosa

Babiana villosula

Babiana virescens

 

Babiana virginea

 

 

Four main types of pollination have been discerned in this genus (Goldblatt & Manning 2000):

  • Many short-tubed species are pollinated by long-tongued bees, particularly those in the family Anthophoridae.
  • Long-tubed species are pollinated by long-proboscid flies in the genera Prosoeca and Moegistorhynchus (Diptera: Nemestrinidae).
  • Species with large, actinomorphic flowers are pollinated by monkey beetles (Hopliini).
  • There are 2 or 3 red-flowered species that are pollinated by sunbirds.

Publications

  • Goldblatt, P. 1983. Babiana lobata Lewis. Flowering Plants of Africa 47: t.1866.
  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lewis, G.J. 1959. The genus Babiana. Journal of South African Botany, Supplementary Volume 3.

 

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