> eukaryotes >
Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales
> Family: Iridaceae
Endemic to southern Africa. Most of the 91 species
are endemic to the Western Cape and Namaqualand (Northern Cape).
Species native to southern Africa
of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and
Four main types of pollination have been discerned in this
genus (Goldblatt & Manning 2000):
- Many short-tubed species are pollinated by long-tongued
bees, particularly those in the family Anthophoridae.
- Long-tubed species are pollinated by long-proboscid
flies in the genera Prosoeca and Moegistorhynchus (Diptera:
- Species with large, actinomorphic
flowers are pollinated by monkey
- There are 2 or 3 red-flowered species that are
pollinated by sunbirds.