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Genus: Gentiana

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Gentianaceae

About 400 species, native to mainly alpine areas of the north temperate regions, northwest Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Six species and a hybrid species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Gentiana asclepiadea

Native from central Europe to the Ukraine.


Gentiana burseri

Native to southwestern Europe.


Gentiana cruciata (Cross gentian)

Native to Europe.


Gentiana fetisowii

Native to Turkestan.


Gentiana septemfida

Native to the Caucasus.


Gentiana walujewii

Native to Turkestan


Gentiana x hascombensis




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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