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Genus: Trifolium (clovers)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Papilionoideae 

About 250 species, widely distributed in temperate and subtropical regions, with five species native to southern Africa, 15 species that are naturalised, and a further 15 species that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Trifolium africanum

 

Trifolium burchellianum

 

Trifolium rueppellianum

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Trifolium stipulaceum

 

Trifolium usambarense

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

 List from Plants of southern Africa (POSA) - an online checklist (SANBI).

Trifolium angustifolium (Narrow-leaved clover)

Native to Europe, North Africa, Canary Islands and western Asia.

 

Trifolium arvense (Hare's-foot clover)

Native to Europe and western Asia. Naturalised in southern Africa where it is usually encountered in disturbed situations such as along roadsides and on the edges of fields.

 

Trifolium campestre (Hop trefoil)

Native from Europe to Iran.

 

Trifolium cernuum

Native to western Europe and Morocco.

 

Trifolium dubium (Lesser trefoil)

Native from Europe to the Caucasus, naturalised in southern Africa. Found in disturbed habitats such as along roadsides and field borders.

Trifolium glomeratum

 

Trifolium hybridum (Alsike clover)

Native to western Europe.

 

Trifolium incarnatum

 

Trifolium medium (Zigzag clover)

Native from France to Azerbaijan.

 

Trifolium pratense (Red clover, Purple clover)

Native to Europe.

 

Trifolium repens (White clover, Dutch clover)

Native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia. Naturalised in southern Africa. Commonly found in disturbed habitats such as along roadsides and in lawns. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Trifolium resupinatum (Persian clover)

Native to the Mediterranean.

 

Trifolium subterraneum (Subterranean clover)

Native from Europe to Iran and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium suffocatum

 

Trifolium tomentosum

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Trifolium alexandrinum (Fahli)

Native to the eastern Mediterranean.

 

Trifolium aureum (Large hop trefoil)

Native from Europe to Iran.

 

Trifolium cherleri

Native from the Canary Islands to Iran.

 

Trifolium dasyurum

Native from Greece to Iran and also Egypt.

 

Trifolium diffusum

Native from Europe to the Caucasus.

 

Trifolium fragiferum (Strawberry clover)

Native to Europe.

 

Trifolium lappaceum

Native from the Azores to Iran.

 

Trifolium michelianum

Native from Portugal to Turkey.

 

Trifolium nigrescens

Native from the Mediterranean to Iran and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium retusum

Native from southern Europe to Iraq and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium rubens

Native to central and southern Europe.

 

Trifolium scabrum (Rough clover)

Native from Europe to Iran and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium squamosum (Sea clover)

Native from Europe to Lebanon and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium stellatum

Native from Europe to Iraq and also to North Africa.

 

Trifolium strictum (Upright clover)

Native to Europe and North Africa.

 

Links

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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