Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Genus: Erythrina

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Papilionoideae

About 130 species, occurring in warm regions of the world, with nine species native to southern Africa, two species naturalised, and a further 10 species and two hybrids that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Erythrina acanthocarpa

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape

 

Erythrina caffra (Coastal coral-tree)

Kuskoraalboom [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal; Mozambique

 

Erythrina decora (Namib coral-tree)

Namib-koraalboom [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia

Erythrina humeana (Dwarf coral-tree)

Kleinkoraalboom [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Lesotho; Swaziland; Mozambique

Erythrina latissima (Broad-leaved coral-tree)

BreŽblaarkoraalboom [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Swaziland; Zimbabwe

Erythrina livingstoniana (Aloe coral tree, Mozambique coral-tree)

Distribution in southern Africa: Zimbabwe; Mozambique

Erythrina lysistemon (Sacred coral tree, Common coral-tree)

Gewone koraalboom [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North West, Limpopo; Swaziland; Botswana; Zimbabwe; Mozambique

Erythrina mendesii

Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia; Botswana

 

Erythrina zeyheri

Ploegbreker [Afrikaans]

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North West; Lesotho

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa (POSA) - an online checklist (SANBI).

Erythrina abyssinica (Red-hot-poker coral-tree, Ethiopian coral tree)

Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana; Zimbabwe; Mozambique

Erythrina crista-galli (Cockspur coral tree)

Native from Brazil to Argentina. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Gauteng; Swaziland

 

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Erythrina atitlanensis

Native to Guatemala.

 

Erythrina baumii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Erythrina breviflora

Native to Mexico.

 

Erythrina corallodendron (West Indian coral tree)

Native to southern USA.

 

Erythrina falcata

Native from Peru to Argentina.

 

Erythrina fusca

Native to tropical regions.

 

Erythrina pallida

Native to Venezuela and the West Indies.

 

Erythrina poeppigiana

Native to Panama and Bolivia.

 

Erythrina senegalensis

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Erythrina speciosa

Native to Brazil.

 

Erythrina x johnsoniae

 

Erythrina x sykesii

 

Herbivores in southern Africa

Falcatula falcata

Caterpillars recorded eating the leaves of Erythrina abyssinica.

Lepidoptera: Sphingidae (hawkmoths)

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Nkonki, T., Glen, H.F., Swelankomo, N., Jordaan, M., Germishuizen, G. & Moteetee, A. 2003. Fabaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 472-559. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

  • Coates Palgrave, K. (edited Coates Palgrave, M.) 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 

 

Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search