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Genus: Crotalaria

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Papilionoideae

About 600 species, native mainly to the tropics and subtropics, with 110 species native to southern Africa, four species naturalised, and a further six species that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Crotalaria abbreviata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria alexandri

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria anisophylla

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria anthyllopsis

Crotalaria argyraea

 

Crotalaria aurea

 

Crotalaria barkae

 

Crotalaria bequaertii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria barnabassii

 

Crotalaria bernieri

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria brachycarpa

 

Crotalaria burkeana

 

Crotalaria calycina

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria capensis

[= Crotalaria cecilea]

 

Crotalaria caudata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria cephalotes

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria chirindae

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria cleomifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria collina

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria colorata

 

Crotalaria coluteoides

 

Crotalaria cuneiformis

 

Crotalaria cupricola

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria cylindrostachys

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria damarensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria deserticola

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria diffusa

 

Crotalaria dinteri

 

Crotalaria distans

 

Crotalaria doidgeae

 

Crotalaria dura

 

Crotalaria effusa

 

Crotalaria eremicola

 

Crotalaria excisa

 

Crotalaria filicaulis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria flavicarinata

[= Crotalaria cataractarum]

 

Crotalaria gazensis

Crotalaria glauca

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria globifera

[= Crotalaria cinerea]

 

Crotalaria goodiiformis

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria goreensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria grandistipulata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria griquensis

 

Crotalaria heidmannii

 

Crotalaria humilis

 

Crotalaria grandistipulata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria heidmannii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria hyssopifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria incana

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria incompta

 

Crotalaria insignis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria inyangensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria kapiriensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria kipandensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria kuiririensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria kurtii

 

Crotalaria laburnifolia

[= Crotalaria australis]

See Flora of Zimbabwe, where it is split into two subspecies: C. l. australis and C. l. laburnifolia.

Crotalaria laburnoides

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria lachnocarpoides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria lachnophora

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria lanceolata

Crotalaria lebeckioides

 

Crotalaria leubnitziana

 

Crotalaria longidens

 

Crotalaria lotoides

 

Crotalaria macrocarpa

 

Crotalaria microcarpa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria meyeriana

 

Crotalaria mocubensis

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria mollii

 

Crotalaria monophylla

 

Crotalaria monteiroi

[= Crotalaria breyeri]

 

Crotalaria natalensis

 

Crotalaria natalitia

 

Crotalaria obscura

 

Crotalaria ochroleuca

Crotalaria orientalis

[= Crotalaria allenii]

 

Crotalaria pallida

Crotalaria pallidicaulis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria pearsonii

 

Crotalaria phylicoides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria pisicarpa

 

Crotalaria platysepala

[= Crotalaria apiculata]

 

Crotalaria polysperma

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Crotalaria podocarpa

[= Crotalaria belchii]

 

Crotalaria recta

 

Crotalaria reptans

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria rhodesiae

 

Crotalaria rogersii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria schinzii

 

Crotalaria schlechteri

 

Crotalaria senegalensis

[= Crotalaria carinata]

 

Crotalaria sericifolia

 

Crotalaria serpentinicola

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria shirensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria sparsifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria spartea

 

Crotalaria spartioides

 

Crotalaria sphaerocarpa

[= Crotalaria cernua]

Crotalaria spinosa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria steudneri

 

Crotalaria stolzii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria subcapitata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Crotalaria teixeirae

 

Crotalaria ulbrichiana

 

Crotalaria valida

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Crotalaria variegata

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crotalaria vasculosa

 

Crotalaria virgulata

 

Crotalaria virgultalis

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Crotalaria agatiflora

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crotalaria brevidens

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crotalaria juncea (Bombay hemp, Sunn hemp)

Possibly native to India.

Crotalaria spectabilis

Native to India.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Crotalaria alata

Native to Nepal.

 

Crotalaria comosa

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crotalaria goetzei

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crotalaria incana

Native to the tropics.

 

Crotalaria lunata

Native to southern India.

 

Crotalaria orthoclada

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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