Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Acacia karroo (Sweet thorn)

Soetdoring [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Genus: Acacia

Acacia karroo (Sweet thorn)

Acacia karroo, near Kirkwood, Eastern Cape, South Africa. [photo H.G. Robertson, Iziko ©]

Acacia karroo (Sweet thorn)
Acacia karroo (Sweet thorn)

Acacia karroo flowering in summer on the Swaershoek mountains above Cradock, Eastern Cape, South Africa. [photos Colin Paterson-Jones ©]

Acacia karroo (Sweet thorn)

A Brown-veined white butterfly (Belenois aurota) on Acacia karroo flower in summer after good rains on the flats below Gowementsberg in the Kamdeboo Mountains on the Great Escarpment just west of Aberdeen, Eastern Cape, South Africa. [photo Colin Paterson-Jones ©]

The most widely distributed Acacia species in southern Africa. It is an important source of firewood, the seeds are roasted as a coffee substitute, and it produces an edible gum exudate that is marketed as 'Cape Gum'. It thrives in water courses of the semi-arid karoo, being by far the most dominant and important tree species in this region

Ecological relationships

See also Ecological relationships of Acacia species in southern Africa.

Herbivores

List of Lepidoptera from Kroon (1999).

Anthene amarah

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Anthene definita

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Anthene otacilia

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Anthene talboti

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Axiocerses tjoane

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Azanus moriqua

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Azanus natalensis

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

 

Azanus ubaldus

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

 

Chrysoritis chrysaor

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Crudaria leroma

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Uranothauma nubifer

Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Charaxes zoolina

Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae

Larvae eat the leaves.

Hippotion celerio (Silver Striped Hawkmoth)

Lepidoptera: Sphingidae (hawkmoths)

Caterpillar eats the leaves.

Hippotion Celeria Male

Publications

  • Kroon, D.M. 1999. Lepidoptera of Southern Africa. Host-plants and other Associations. A Catalogue. Lepidopterists' Society of Africa, South Africa.

  • Rösch, M., Chown, S.L. & McGeoch, M.A. 2001. Testing a bioindicator assemblage: gall-inhabiting moths and urbanization. African Entomology 9: 85-94. [these moths have larvae that inhabit galls induced by the rust-fungus Ravenelia macowaniana on Acacia karroo].

Links

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search