> eukaryotes >
Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Eudicotyledons > Fabales
> Family: Fabaceae > Genus: Acacia
Acacia karroo, near Kirkwood, Eastern Cape,
South Africa. [photo
Robertson, Iziko ©]
Acacia karroo flowering in summer on the
Swaershoek mountains above Cradock, Eastern Cape, South Africa. [photos
A Brown-veined white butterfly (Belenois aurota)
on Acacia karroo flower in summer after good rains on the flats
below Gowementsberg in the Kamdeboo Mountains on the Great Escarpment
just west of Aberdeen, Eastern Cape, South Africa. [photo
The most widely distributed Acacia species in
southern Africa. It is an important source of firewood, the seeds are roasted as
a coffee substitute, and it produces an edible gum exudate that is marketed as
'Cape Gum'. It thrives in water courses of the semi-arid karoo, being by
far the most dominant and important tree species in this region.
See also Ecological relationships
of Acacia species in southern Africa.
List of Lepidoptera from Kroon (1999).
Kroon, D.M. 1999. Lepidoptera of
Southern Africa. Host-plants and other Associations. A Catalogue.
Lepidopterists' Society of Africa, South Africa.
Rösch, M., Chown, S.L. & McGeoch, M.A.
2001. Testing a bioindicator assemblage: gall-inhabiting moths and
urbanization. African Entomology 9: 85-94. [these moths have larvae
that inhabit galls induced by the rust-fungus Ravenelia macowaniana
on Acacia karroo].