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Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo)

mongongo [Herero, !Kung San]; Manketti, Mongongo [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Euphorbiaceae

Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo)

Schinziophyton rautanenii, by road from Hwange Nature Reserve to main Vic Falls / Bulawayo Rd, Matetsi Safari Area, Zimbabwe. [photo Bart Wursten , Flora of Zimbabwe]

Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo)

Schinziophyton rautanenii, dirt road to Bovu Island about 2 km from main road, Zambia. [photo Bart Wursten , Flora of Zimbabwe]

Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo)
Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo) Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti, Mongongo)

Schinziophyton rautanenii, near 'Save the Nation Store' by the main Bulawayo - Vic Falls Road, Zimbabwe. [photo Bart Wursten , Flora of Zimbabwe]

Native to N Botswana, N Namibia, SE Angola, W Zimbabwe, N Mozambique and marginally into South Africa, along the Botswana border. Has egg-shaped velvety fruit consisting of a thin fleshy layer around a thick, hard shell containing a nut. Both fruit and nut are edible and nutritious and have the advantage of being available for most of the year.

Uses

  • The pulp of the fruit is eaten. Preparation involves first steaming the dried-out fruit to soften the skin and remove it. The pealed fruit is cooked in water until the maroon-coloured flesh separates from the nut. The flesh is then eaten.
  • Nuts derived from fruit production are roasted, cracked open, and eaten.
  • Shelled nuts are also pounded up and used in various dishes.
  • Oil from the nuts is used as a body rub to clean and moisten the skin, especially in the dry winter months.

Links

Publications

  • van Wyk, B.-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's Plants. A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.  

 

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