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Genus: Euphorbia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Euphorbiaceae

A huge genus of at least 1600 species, occurring worldwide. A total of 280 species are native to southern Africa, mainly succulents in arid regions. In addition, there are 11 species naturalised and a further 16 are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Euphorbia acervata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Euphorbia aequoris

 

Euphorbia aeruginosa

 

Euphorbia aggregata

 

Euphorbia albanica

 

Euphorbia albertensis

 

Euphorbia albipollinifera

 

Euphorbia amarifontana

 

Euphorbia ambroseae

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia angrae

 

Euphorbia anoplia

 

Euphorbia arceuthobioides

 

Euphorbia arida

 

Euphorbia artifolia

 

Euphorbia aspericaulis

 

Euphorbia astrophora

 

Euphorbia atrispina

 

Euphorbia austro-occidentalis

 

Euphorbia avasmontana

Euphorbia baliola

 

Euphorbia barnardii

 

Euphorbia bayeri

 

Euphorbia baylissii

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia benthamii

 

Euphorbia bergii

 

Euphorbia bougheyi

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia brachiata

 

Euphorbia braunsii

 

Euphorbia bruynsii

 

Euphorbia bubalina

 

Euphorbia bupleurifolia

 

Euphorbia burmannii

Euphorbia caerulescens

Euphorbia caperonioides

 

Euphorbia caput-medusae

Euphorbia caterviflora

 

Euphorbia celata

 

Euphorbia chamaesycoides

 

Euphorbia chersina

 

Euphorbia cibdela

 

Euphorbia citrina

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia clandestina

 

Euphorbia clava

 

Euphorbia clavarioides

Euphorbia clavigera

 

Euphorbia clivicola

 

Euphorbia colliculina

 

Euphorbia complexa

 

Euphorbia confinalis

Euphorbia confluens

 

Euphorbia cooperi (Bushveld candelabra tree)

Euphorbia corymbosa

 

Euphorbia crebrifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia crispa

 

Euphorbia crotonoides

 

Euphorbia cumulata

 

Euphorbia cuneata

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia curvirama

 

Euphorbia cyathophora

Euphorbia cylindrica

 

Euphorbia cyparissioides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia damarana

 

Euphorbia davyi

 

Euphorbia decepta

 

Euphorbia decidua

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia decussata

 

Euphorbia delicatissima

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia depauperata

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia dissitispina

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia dregeana

Euphorbia dumosa

 

Euphorbia duseimata

 

Euphorbia ecklonii

 

Euphorbia eduardoi

 

Euphorbia enopla

 

Euphorbia enormis

 

Euphorbia ephedroides

 

Euphorbia epicyparissias

 

Euphorbia ericoides

Euphorbia ernestii

 

Euphorbia erythrina

 

Euphorbia esculenta

 

Euphorbia espinosa

 

Euphorbia eustacei

Euphorbia evansii

 

Euphorbia excelsa

 

Euphorbia exilis

 

Euphorbia eylesii

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia fasciculata

 

Euphorbia ferox

 

Euphorbia filiflora

 

Euphorbia fimbriata

 

Euphorbia flanaganii

Euphorbia foliosa

 

Euphorbia fortissima

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia fortuita

 

Euphorbia franksiae

 

Euphorbia friedrichiae

 

Euphorbia fusca

 

Euphorbia gamkensis

 

Euphorbia gariepina

 

Euphorbia gatbergensis

 

Euphorbia genistoides

 

Euphorbia gentilis

 

Euphorbia giessii

 

Euphorbia glandularis

 

Euphorbia glanduligera

 

Euphorbia globosa

 

Euphorbia gorgonis

 

Euphorbia gossypina

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia gracillima

Recorded from Zimbabwe. Note that this species is for some reason absent from the African Plants Database.

 

Euphorbia grandialata

 

Euphorbia grandicornis

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia grandidens

Euphorbia graniticola

Recorded from Mozambique.

Euphorbia gregaria

Euphorbia griseola

Euphorbia groenewaldii

 

Euphorbia gueinzii

 

Euphorbia guerichiana

 

Euphorbia gummifera

Euphorbia hallii

 

Euphorbia halipedicola

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia hamata

Euphorbia heptagona

Euphorbia herrei

 

Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbia hopetownensis

 

Euphorbia horrida

 

Euphorbia hottentota

 

Euphorbia hypogaea

 

Euphorbia inaequilatera (Smooth Creeping Milkweed)

 

Euphorbia inconstantia

 

Euphorbia inermis

 

Euphorbia ingens

Euphorbia inornata

 

Euphorbia insarmentosa

 

Euphorbia jansenvillensis

 

Euphorbia juglans

 

Euphorbia juttae

 

Euphorbia kaokoensis

 

Euphorbia karibensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia karroensis

 

Euphorbia keithii

Euphorbia kilwana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia knobelii

 

Euphorbia knuthii

 

Euphorbia kraussiana

 

Euphorbia lavrani

 

Euphorbia ledienii

 

Euphorbia leistneri

 

Euphorbia lignosa

 

Euphorbia limpopoana

Euphorbia livida

 

Euphorbia lividiflora

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia loricata

Euphorbia louwii

 

Euphorbia lumbricalis

 

Euphorbia lupatensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia lydenburgensis

 

Euphorbia maleolens

 

Euphorbia malevola

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Euphorbia mammillaris

 

Euphorbia marlothiana

 

Euphorbia matabelensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia mauritanica (Beesmelkbos, Geelmelkbos)

 

Euphorbia melanohydrata

 

Euphorbia meloformis

 

Euphorbia memoralis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia micracantha

 

Euphorbia milii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Euphorbia mira

 

Euphorbia mixta

 

Euphorbia monteiri

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia monteiroi

 

Euphorbia mossambicensis

 

Euphorbia muirii

 

Euphorbia multiceps

Euphorbia multifida

 

Euphorbia multifolia

 

Euphorbia mundii

 

Euphorbia muraltioides

 

Euphorbia muricata

 

Euphorbia namibensis

 

Euphorbia namuskluftensis

 

Euphorbia natalensis

 

Euphorbia neopolycnemoides

Euphorbia nesemannii

 

Euphorbia oatesii

Euphorbia obesa

Euphorbia ornithopus

 

Euphorbia otjipembana

 

Euphorbia oxystegia

 

Euphorbia pedemontana

 

Euphorbia pentagona

 

Euphorbia pentops

 

Euphorbia perangusta

 

Euphorbia pergracilis

 

Euphorbia perpera

 

Euphorbia persistentifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia pfeilii

Euphorbia phylloclada

 

Euphorbia pillansii

 

Euphorbia planiceps

 

Euphorbia platycephala

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia plenispina

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia polycephala

 

Euphorbia polygona

Euphorbia pseudocactus

 

Euphorbia pseudoduseimata

 

Euphorbia pseudoglobosa

Euphorbia pseudotuberosa

 

Euphorbia pubescens

 

Euphorbia pubiglans

 

Euphorbia pugniformis

 

Euphorbia pulvinata

Euphorbia quadrata

 

Euphorbia ramiglans

 

Euphorbia rectirama

 

Euphorbia restituta

 

Euphorbia restricta

 

Euphorbia rhombifolia

Euphorbia rowlandii

 

Euphorbia rubriflora

 

Euphorbia rudis

 

Euphorbia rudolfii

 

Euphorbia rugosiflora

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia ruscifolia

 

Euphorbia sarcostemmatoides

 

Euphorbia schimperiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia schinzii

Euphorbia schoenlandii

Euphorbia schlechteri

Recorded from Mozambique.

 

Euphorbia sclerophylla

 

Euphorbia sekukuniensis

Euphorbia silenifolia

 

Euphorbia spartaria

 

Euphorbia spicata

 

Euphorbia spinea

 

Euphorbia spissiflora

 

Euphorbia squarrosa

 

Euphorbia stapelioides

 

Euphorbia stellata

 

Euphorbia stellispina

 

Euphorbia stolonifera

 

Euphorbia striata

Euphorbia subsalsa

 

Euphorbia suffulta

 

Euphorbia suppressa

 

Euphorbia susannae

 

Euphorbia systyloides

 

Euphorbia tenax

 

Euphorbia tetragona

Euphorbia tettensis

Euphorbia tirucalli (Rubber-hedge euphorbia)

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Euphorbia tortirama

 

Euphorbia tortistyla

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Euphorbia transvaalensis

 

Euphorbia triangularis

Euphorbia trichadenia

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Euphorbia tridentata

 

Euphorbia tuberculata

 

Euphorbia tuberculatoides

 

Euphorbia tuberosa

 

Euphorbia tubiglans

 

Euphorbia tugelensis

 

Euphorbia umfoloziensis

 

Euphorbia vaalputsiana

 

Euphorbia vandermerwei

 

Euphorbia venenata

 

Euphorbia venteri

 

Euphorbia verruculosa

 

Euphorbia versicolores

 

Euphorbia virosa

 

Euphorbia volkmanniae

 

Euphorbia waterbergensis

 

Euphorbia wilmaniae

 

Euphorbia wildii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Euphorbia woodii

 

Euphorbia x bothae

 

Euphorbia zambesiana

 

Euphorbia zoutpansbergensis

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Euphorbia cyathophora

 

Euphorbia helioscopia

 

Euphorbia heterophylla (Mexican fire plant)

Native from southern USA to Argentina.

Euphorbia indica

 

Euphorbia lathyris (Caper spurge)

Native to the Mediterranean.

 

Euphorbia marginata (Snow-on-the-mountain)

Native to the USA.

 

Euphorbia peplus (Petty spurge)

Native from Europe to western Asia.

Euphorbia prostrata

Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia)

Native to Central America.

Euphorbia serpens

Euphorbia serrata

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Euphorbia alcicornis

 

Euphorbia characias

Native to the eastern Mediterranean.

 

Euphorbia cotinifolia

Native to Central America.

 

Euphorbia cyathophora

Native to Mexico.

 

Euphorbia dendroides

Native to the Mediterranean.

 

Euphorbia desmondii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Euphorbia fulgens

Native to Mexico.

 

Euphorbia leucocephala

Native to Central America.

Euphorbia milii (Crown-of-thorns)

Native to Madagascar.

Euphorbia myrsinites

Native from Europe to southwestern Asia.

 

Euphorbia nutans

[= Chamaesyce nutans]

Native to the USA.

 

Euphorbia obtusifolia

Native to the Canary Islands.

 

Euphorbia platyphyllos

Native to Europe.

 

Euphorbia purpurea

Native to the eastern USA.

 

Euphorbia splendens

Native to Madagascar.

 

Euphorbia stenoclada

Native to Madagascar.

 

Euphorbia xanti

Native to California.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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