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Family: Erythroxylaceae (Coca family)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales

Four species and about 260 species worldwide (tropics, mainly America), of which two genera and six species are native to southern Africa. The Coca tree, Erythroxylum coca yields the alkaloid cocaine, a narcotic drug used in medicine and illegal drug use.

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Erythroxylum (coca genus)

About 250 species worldwide (tropics and subtropics) of which four are native to southern Africa. Erythroxylum coca (Coca), native to the East Andies, and E. novagranatense yield the alkaloid cocaine, a narcotic drug used in medicine and illegal drug use. Erythroxylum coca has been cultivated in southern Africa.

Nectaropetalum

There are six species, of which two are native to southern Africa.

 
 

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