Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Genus: Erythroxylum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Erythroxylaceae

About 250 species worldwide (tropics and subtropics) of which four are native to southern Africa. Erythroxylum coca (Coca), native to the East Andies, and E. novagranatense yield the alkaloid cocaine, a narcotic drug used in medicine and illegal drug use.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Erythroxylum delagoense

 

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Erythroxylum pictum

 

Erythroxylum zambesiacum

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Erythroxylum coca (Coca)

Yields the alkaloid cocaine, a narcotic drug used in medicine and illegal drug use.

 

 


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search