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Genus: Cyperus

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales > Family: Cyperaceae

About 550 species (nearly cosmopolitan), with 87 species native to southern Africa and one naturalised. Cyperus fuscescens, Cyperus meyerianus, Cyperus sartorii and Cyperus zollingerioides are not included here, as their current taxonomical status is uncertain.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Cyperus albostriatus

Cyperus alopecuroides


Cyperus amabilis


Cyperus angolensis

Cyperus articulatus


Cyperus bellus


Cyperus brevis


Cyperus capensis


Cyperus chersinus


Cyperus clavinux


Cyperus compressus


Cyperus congestus


Cyperus crassipes


Cyperus cuspidatus


Cyperus cyperoides


Cyperus deciduus


Cyperus denudatus


Cyperus dichroostchyus


Cyperus difformis


Cyperus digitatus


Cyperus distans

Cyperus dives


Cyperus dubius


Cyperus durus


Cyperus elephantinus


Cyperus esculentus (Yellow nutsedge)

Cyperus fastigiatus


Cyperus fulgens


Cyperus glaucophyllus

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Cyperus haematocephalus


Cyperus hamulosus


Cyperus hemisphaericus

[= Mariscus hemisphaericus]

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Cyperus imbricatus


Cyperus indecorus


Cyperus involucratus

Cyperus iria


Cyperus keniensis


Cyperus kirkii


Cyperus laevigatus


Cyperus latifolius


Cyperus laxus

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Cyperus leptocladus


Cyperus longus


Cyperus macrocarpus


Cyperus maculatus


Cyperus margaritaceus


Cyperus marginatus


Cyperus marlothii


Cyperus mwinilungensis


Cyperus natalensis


Cyperus obtusiflorus

Cyperus owanii


Cyperus papyrus (Papyrus)

Cyperus parvinux


Cyperus pectinatus

[= Anosporum pectinatus]


Cyperus procerus


Cyperus prolifer


Cyperus pseudoleptocladus


Cyperus pseudovestitus


Cyperus pulchellus

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Cyperus pulcher


Cyperus pygmaeus


Cyperus rehmii


Cyperus rigidifolius


Cyperus rotundus


Cyperus rubicundus


Cyperus rupestris


Cyperus schinzii


Cyperus schlechteri


Cyperus semitrifidus


Cyperus sensilis


Cyperus sexangularis


Cyperus solidus


Cyperus sphacelatus

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Cyperus sphaerospermus


Cyperus squarrosus


Cyperus submacropus


Cyperus tabularis


Cyperus tenax


Cyperus tenuispica


Cyperus textilis


Cyperus thunbergii


Cyperus turrillii


Cyperus usitatus


Cyperus vestitus


Cyperus vorsteri


Cyperus zollingeri


Species naturalised in southern Africa

From Archer (2003).

Cyperus eragrostis



  • Archer, C. 2003. Cyperaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1020-1047. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


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