Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Podocarpus elongatus (Breede River yellowwood)

Breederivier-geelhout [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Gymnospermae > Coniferophyta > Podocarpaceae > Genus: Podocarpus

Smaller than the other Podocarpus species in southern Africa, growing as a small bush or tree to a height of about six metres although it has been recorded to a maximum height of 24 metres (Palmer and Pitman 1972). Fruit are distinctive in consisting of dark blue-green seeds each of which is embedded in a scarlet-coloured fleshy base.

Distribution and habitat

Has a fairly confined distribution in the winter rainfall region of the southwestern Cape, South Africa, where it is found mainly along mountain streams although it can also be found growing in a stunted form on open mountainsides.

Ecological interactions

According to Palmer and Pitman (1972), both the seeds and their fleshy bases are eaten by mammals and birds.

Uses

None recorded.

References

  • Palgrave, K.C. and Palgrave, M.C. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. 3rd Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
  • Palmer, E. and Pitman, N. 1972. Trees of Southern Africa covering all known indigenous species in the Republic of South Africa, South-West Africa, Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. Volume 1. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town.
  • van Wyk, B. and van Wyk, P. 1997. Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Text by Hamish Robertson


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search